Kanha Tigers

kanha-india-tigersIn cat family, Tiger is the largest member. There were formerly 8 sub-species of tigers in the world, out of which, 3 of them are extinct. Current Tiger generation is facing major problem of poaching, habitat loss, and habitat fragmentation. As per local tourist guides in between 80 to 120 tigers are their in Kanha National Park.

Tiger occupies apex position in the biological pyramid of Kanha eco-system. In general, they are rufous-colored with characteristic black strips enhancing its beauty. Their facial markings are unique in every tigers which helps in identifying them individually. Their body color often helps them in hiding themselves in shades and large grasses to dodge their natural prey. A fully grown male tiger can be of 2.7 meters to 2.9 meters long whereas grown-up female can be of 2.5 meter to 2.6 meter long. Male tiger is heavier than female. Normally body weight of Tiger lies between 185 kg to 245 kg where as female tigress weight lies in between 140 kg to 170 kg. Tiger reaches puberty at the age of 2 years. Gestation period of a tigress is about 105 to 110 days. Average age of a wild tiger is 15 years and in captivity they can live up to 20 years. It has been seen, old tigers often dies in territorial conflict or due to incapability to kill which results into death  from starvation.

tigers in kanha national park indiaTigers have good vision capacity. In darkness, tigers have 6 times better vision capacity then human beings. Tigers live solitary life and are highly territorial. They regularly do the marking of their territory by scratching trees and spraying a peculiar scent in trees. They regularly do patrolling their territory and don’t dare to conflict to retain or extend their existing territory.

Human beings are not the natural prey of tigers. Animals like spotted deer, sambar, swamp deer, barking deer, wild boar, gaur calves are natural prey of tigers. Per day diet of a normal tiger is about 15-20 kg flesh.

Areas known for tiger-sighting in Kanha Tiger Reserve are:
Number-7, Number-9, Nag Behra, Schaller Hide, Sonf Meadows, Bison road, Kanha Meadows, Khairwadi, Kantakware, Bandh Pilia, Bishanpua, Jamun Talab, Kamkodadar, Bhaisanghat, Supkhar etc.
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